The incidence rate of caries on individual tooth surfaces and its distribution by age and gender in clinic patients of Hawler Medical University/College of Dentistry: a retrospective cross-sectional study.

Authors

  • Niaz Hamaghareeb Hamasaeed Department of Conservative Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq.
  • Eman Kanabi Mohammed Department of Conservative Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq.
  • Kazhin Mahmood Omer Department of Conservative Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq.
  • Rayan Amir Bapir Department of Conservative Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15218/edj.2023.07

Keywords:

Dental caries, tooth surface, G.V. Black classification, age, gender

Abstract

Background and objectives: Dental caries is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases, which is caused by cariogenic oral bacteria. This study is aimed to realize the distribution of caries on individual permanent tooth surfaces, and compares these results among various age groups and gender.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among clinic patients of Hawler Medical University/College of Dentistry in Erbil Governorate, Kurdistan, Iraq, over a span of four months in 2021. Thousand carious teeth were recorded in the Conservative Department. Individuals who reported, being over the age of 12 years old. Data were analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS), version 25.

Results: Maxillary teeth (54.1%) were more susceptible to caries than mandibular teeth (45.9%). Caries incidence was the highest on the mandibular first molar (18.5%) and maxillary central incisor (18.4%). Class I caries was the most common type of carious lesion (32.2%). The incidence of caries was the highest among the individuals of age group II (20-39 Years). Females (54.6%) showed a higher caries incidence than males (45.4%).

Conclusion: The most prevalent tooth surface was the occlusal surface (Class I). The mandibular first molar was the most susceptible tooth to dental caries. Besides that, females were found to be more prone to caries than males, and group II (20-39 years) had the highest rate of caries occurrence.

References

Noori RM, Hameed ZA. Distribution of Dental Caries Among 12 Years Old Adolescents According to Severity, Gender and Dental Arches. Int J Sci Res 2019;1614-1617.

Shaffer JR, Wang X, McNeil DW, Weyant RJ, Crout R, Marazita ML. Genetic Susceptibility to Dental Caries Differs between the Sexes. A Family Based Study. Caries Res2015; 49: 133-140.

Splieth CH, Kanzow P, Wiegand A, Schmoeckel J, Momeni AJ. How to intervene in the caries process: Proximal caries in adolescents and adults a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Oral Invesr 2020; 24: 1623-1636.

Selwits RH, Ismail AI, Pitts NB. Dental caries. The Lancet 2007;51-59.

Manepalli S, Nuvvula S. Caries prevalence and susceptibility of surfaces on individual primary teeth in children of Nellore town. Int J Sci Res 2020; 9: 76-78.

Demircia M, Tuncera S, Yuceokur Prevalence of Caries on Individual Tooth Surfaces and its Distribution by Age and Gender in University Clinic Patients. Eur J Dent 2010; 4: 270-279.

Bignozzi, Crea A, Capri D, Littarru C, Tatakis DN. Root caries: A periodontal perspective. J Perio Res 2014; 49: 143-163.

Al-Darwish M, El Ansari W, Bener Prevalence of dental caries among 12–14year old children in Qatar. The Saudi Dent J 2014; 26: 115-125.

Sachdeva A, Punhani N, Bala M, Arora S, Gill GS, Dewan N. J Int Soc Prev Community Dent 2015; 5: 494-498.

Bhardwaj VK. Dental caries prevalence in individual tooth in primary and permanent dentition among 6-12-year-old school children in Shimla, Himachal Pradesh. Int J Res health allied sci 2014; 3: 125-128.

Abuaffan AH, Hayder S, Hussen AA, Ibrahim TA. Prevalence of Dental Caries of the First Permanent Molars among 6-14 Years Old Sudanese Children. Indian J Dent Edu 2018; 11: 13-16.

Luan W, Baelum V, Fejerskov O, Chen X. Ten-year incidence of dental caries in adult and elderly Chinese. Caries Res 2000; 34: 205-213.

De Paiva MA, Leite DF, Farias IA, Sampaio AP. Dental Anatomical Features and Caries: A Relationship to be investigated. B. H. Kivanç (ed.). London Dental Anatomy, IntechOpen 2017.

Demarco F, Collares K, Coelho-de-Souza F, Correa M, Cenci M, Mores R, et al. Anterior composite restorations: A systematic review on long-term survival and reasons for failure. Dental Materials 2015;

-1224.

Hong ST, Fadil MR, Aripin D. Prevalence of dental caries based on gender, age, Black’s classification and its distribution on different teeth. Padjadjaran J Dent 2013; 25: 158-162.

Wojcik-Checinska I, Mojsym A, Loj-Maczulska1 A, Chalas R. Specifics of proximal caries and their diagnostics in posterior teeth. Curr Issues Pharm Med Sci 2015; 92-96.

Santi V, Subbarao V. Centuries of Conservative Dentistry. J Interdiscip Dent 2012; 1.

Kamberi B, Koçani F, Begzati A, Kelmendi J, Ilijazi D, Berisha N, et al. Prevalence of Dental Caries in Kosovar Adult Population. Int J Dent 2016.

Fujita H, Asakura K, Ogura M. Age and Sex related Dental Caries Prevalence in Japanese from the Jomon. Perio J Oral Biosc 2007; 49: 198-204.

Jindal A, McMeans M, Narayanan, Rose EK, Jain S, Marazita ML et al. Women Are More Susceptible to Caries but Individuals Born with Clefts Are Not.Int J Den 2011.

Wang K, Pang L, Fan C, Cui T, Yu L, Lin H. Enamel and Dentin Caries Risk Factors of Adolescents in the Context of the International Caries Detection and Assessment System ICDASA: Longitudinal Study Front Pediatr 2020; 8: 419.

Inoue H, Ono K, Masuda W, Morimoto Y, Tanaka T, Yokota M, Inenaga K. Gender difference in unstimulated whole saliva flow rate and salivary gland sizes. Arch Oral Biol Dec 2006; 51: 1055-1060.

LasisiTJ,Abdul-salamRA. Pregnancy-induced periodontal inflammation: Influence of salivary cytokines and antimicrobial proteins. Saudi Dent J 2018; 30: 306-311.

Downloads

Published

2023-06-30

How to Cite

1.
Hamasaeed NH, Mohammed EK, Omer KM, Bapir RA. The incidence rate of caries on individual tooth surfaces and its distribution by age and gender in clinic patients of Hawler Medical University/College of Dentistry: a retrospective cross-sectional study. EDJ [Internet]. 2023 Jun. 30 [cited 2024 Jun. 13];6(1):62-70. Available from: https://edj.hmu.edu.krd/index.php/journal/article/view/211

Issue

Section

Original Articles