Effect of Clinical Sandblasting on the Surface Roughness of Zirconia Cores for all Ceramic Crowns and their Fracture Resistance after the Addition of Repair.

Authors

  • Mohammed Thamir Yassin University of Sulaimani, college of Dentistry.
  • Shatha Abdullah Salih Department of Conservative Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15218/edj.2023.21

Keywords:

Aluminum-oxide, Intra-oral repair, Sandblasting, Silica, Surface Roughness, Zirconia

Abstract

Objective: This in vitro study aims to evaluate the effect of clinical sandblasting with 50 μm aluminum oxide and 30 μm silica-coated particles on the surface roughness of zirconia cores and
the subsequent effect on their fracture resistance after veneering with composite using a specific repair kit.
Materials and Methods: Zirconia cores (n=21) were digitally designed and milled from ZirCAD
LT B1 (IPS e.max® ZirCAD ) blocks using arum 5x-300 Pro (ARUM DENTISTRY). These cores were
randomly divided into three groups: Group A: n=8, sandblasted with 50 μm aluminum oxide,
and veneered with packable Z350 composite. Group B: n=8, sandblasted with 30 μm silicacoated particles and veneered with packable Z350 composite. Group C: control group (n=5),
sandblasted in the laboratory with 110 μm aluminum oxide and veneered with porcelain
(Vintage Zr PRO - SHOFU Dental GmbH). All the specimens were tested for surface roughness by
the TAYLOR-HOBSON profilometer. After adding veneering material, all the specimens were
subjected to a fracture resistance test through a universal testing machine.
Results: One-way ANOVA test showed a significantly higher surface roughness in group B compared to group A. Fracture resistance values showed no significant difference between all the
groups.
Conclusion: Silica-coated particles produced higher surface roughness than aluminum oxide
alone. The fracture resistance values of all the groups were above the acceptable clinical limit.

References

Goldstein RE, Patzer G. Concepts of Dental Esthetics. In: Goldstein RE, Chu SJ, Lee EA, Stappert CFJ, editors. Ronald E Goldstein’s Esthetics

in Dentistry [Internet]. Hoboken, NJ, USA: John

Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2018 [cited 2021 Dec 8]. p. 1

–22. Available from: https://

onlinelibrary.wiley.com/

doi/10.1002/9781119272946.ch1

Abdul-Hamid Naji G, Anita Omar R, Yahya R. An

Overview of the Development and Strengthening of All-Ceramic Dental Materials. Biomed

Pharmacol J. 2018 Sep 28;11(3):1553–63.

Butt K, Thanabalan N, Ayub K, Bourne G. Demystifying Modern Dental Ceramics. Prim Dent

J. 2019 Sep;8(3):28–33.

Grech J, Antunes E. Zirconia in dental prosthetics: A literature review. J Mater Res Technol. 2019 Sep;8(5):4956–64.

Ji M, Xu J, Chen M, El Mansori M. Enhanced

hydrophilicity and tribological behavior of dental zirconia ceramics based on picosecond

laser surface texturing. Ceram Int. 2020

Apr;46(6):7161–9.

Sailer I, Makarov NA, Thoma DS, Zwahlen M,

Pjetursson BE. All-ceramic or metal-ceramic

tooth-supported fixed dental prostheses

(FDPs)? A systematic review of the survival

and complication rates. Part I: Single crowns

(SCs). Dent Mater. 2015 Jun 1;31(6):603–23.

Mesquita AMM, Husain NAH, MolineroMourelle P, Özcan M. An Intraoral Repair

Method for Chipping Fracture of a Multi-unit

Fixed Zirconia Reconstruction: A Direct Dental Technique. Eur J Dent. 15(1):5.

Yadav JS, Dabas N, Bhargava A, Malhotra P,

Yadav B, Sehgal M. Comparing two intraoral

porcelain repair systems for shear bond

strength in repaired cohesive and adhesive

fractures, for porcelain-fused-to-metal restorations: An in vitro study. J Indian Prosthodont Soc. 2019;19(4):362–8.

Limones A, Molinero-Mourelle P, Azevedo L,

Romeo-Rubio M, Correia A, Gómez-Polo M.

Zirconia-ceramic versus metal-ceramic posterior multiunit tooth-supported fixed dental

prostheses: A systematic review and metaanalysis of randomized controlled trials. J Am

Dent Assoc 1939. 2020 Apr;151(4):230-

e7.

Gruber YL, Bakaus TE, Bittencourt BF, Gomes

JC, Reis A, Gomes GM. Effect of surface treatments on repair strength, roughness and

morphology in aged metal-free crowns. Braz J

Oral Sci. 2020 May 5;19:e206155.

Moon J eun, Kim S hun, Lee J bong, Ha S

ryong, Choi Y sung. The effect of preparation

order on the crystal structure of yttriastabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal and

the shear bond strength of dental resin cements. Dent Mater. 2011 Jul;27(7):651–63.

Yamaguchi H, Ino S, Hamano N, Okada S, Teranaka T. Examination of bond strength and

mechanical properties of Y-TZP zirconia ceramics with different surface modifications.

Dent Mater J. 2012;31(3):472–80.

Hallmann L, Ulmer P, Reusser E, Hammerle C.

Surface characterization of dental Y-TZP ceramic after air abrasion treatment. J Dent.

May 15;40:723–35.

Chatterjee Kabita, Jaypee Brothers

(Jaypeedigital). Essentials of Dental Anatomy

& Oral Histology. Jaypee Brothers Medical

Publisher (P) Ltd.; 2014.

[Ispas A, Iosif L, Murariu-Măgureanu C,

Craciun A. Zirconia in dental medicine: a brief overview of its properties and processing techniques. 2021;13(1):7.

Gupta TK, Lange FF, Bechtold JH. Effect of stress

-induced phase transformation on the properties of

polycrystalline zirconia containing metastable tetragonal phase. J Mater Sci. 1978 Jul;13(7):1464–70.

Bartolo D, Cassar G, Al-Haj Husain N, Özcan M,

Camilleri J. Effect of polishing procedures and hydrothermal aging on wear characteristics and phase

transformation of zirconium dioxide. J Prosthet

Dent. 2017 Apr 1;117(4):545–51.

Schley JS, Heussen N, Reich S, Fischer J,

Haselhuhn K, Wolfart S. Survival probability of zirconia-based fixed dental prostheses up to 5 yr: a systematic review of the literature. Eur J Oral Sci. 2010

Oct;118(5):443–50.

Özcan M. How to Repair Ceramic Chipping or

Fracture in Metal-Ceramic Fixed Dental Prostheses

Intraorally: Step-by-Step Procedures. J Adhes Dent.

Oct 1;16:491–2.

Özcan M, Volpato CAM. Surface Conditioning

Protocol for the Adhesion of Resin-based Materials

to Glassy Matrix Ceramics: How to Condition and

Why? J Adhes Dent. 2015 Jun;17(3):292–3.

Garbelotto LGD, Fukushima KA, Özcan M, Cesar

PF, Volpato CAM. Chipping of veneering ceramic on

a lithium disilicate anterior single crown: Description of repair method and a fractographic failure

analysis. J Esthet Restor Dent Off Publ Am Acad Esthet Dent Al. 2019 Jul;31(4):299–303.

Neiva G, Yaman P, Dennison JB, Razzoog ME,

Lang BR. Resistance to fracture of three all-ceramic

systems. J Esthet Dent. 1998;10(2):60–6.

Sano H, Ciucchi B, Matthews WG, Pashley DH.

Tensile properties of mineralized and demineralized

human and bovine dentin. J Dent Res. 1994 Jun;73

(6):1205–11.

Aurélio IL, Marchionatti AME, Montagner AF,

May LG, Soares FZM. Does air particle abrasion

affect the flexural strength and phase transformation of Y-TZP? A systematic review and metaanalysis. Dent Mater Off Publ Acad Dent Mater.

Jun;32(6):827–45.

Okada M, Taketa H, Torii Y, Irie M, Matsumoto

T. Optimal sandblasting conditions for conventionaltype yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystals. Dent Mater. 2019 Jan;35(1):169–75.

Valandro LF, Della Bona A, Antonio Bottino M,

Neisser MP. The effect of ceramic surface treatment

on bonding to densely sintered alumina ceramic. J

Prosthet Dent. 2005 Mar;93(3):253–9.

Kumbuloglu O, Lassila LVJ, User A, Vallittu PK.

Bonding of resin composite luting cements to zirconium oxide by two air-particle abrasion methods.

Oper Dent. 2006 Apr;31(2):248–55.

Valandro LF, Ozcan M, Amaral R, Leite FPP,

Bottino MA. Microtensile bond strength of a resin

cement to silica-coated and silanized In-Ceram

Zirconia before and after aging. Int J Prosthodont.

Feb;20(1):70–2.

Nagaoka N, Yoshihara K, Tamada Y, Yoshida Y,

Meerbeek BV. Ultrastructure and bonding properties of tribochemical silica-coated zirconia. Dent

Mater J. 2019 Feb 8;38(1):107–13.

De Queiroz J, Botelho M, Sousa S, Martinelli A,

Özcan M. Evaluation of Spatial and Functional

Roughness Parameters on Air-abraded Zirconia as a

Function of Particle Type and Deposition Pressure.

J Adhes Dent. 2015 Jan 26;17.

Turp V, Sen D, Tuncelli B, Goller G, Özcan M.

Evaluation of air-particle abrasion of Y-TZP with

different particles using microstructural analysis.

Aust Dent J. 2013 Jun;58(2):183–91.

Ho BJ, Tsoi JKH, Liu D, Lung CYK, Wong HM,

Matinlinna JP. Effects of sandblasting distance and

angles on resin cement bonding to zirconia and

titanium. Int J Adhes Adhes. 2015 Oct;62:25–31.

Chen L, Suh BI, Brown D, Chen X. Bonding of

primed zirconia ceramics: evidence of chemical

bonding and improved bond strengths. Am J Dent.

Apr;25(2):103–8.

Nagaoka N, Yoshihara K, Feitosa VP, Tamada Y,

Irie M, Yoshida Y, et al. Chemical interaction mechanism of 10-MDP with zirconia. Sci Rep. 2017 Mar

;7:45563.

Yue X, Hou X, Gao J, Bao P, Shen J. Effects of

MDP‑based primers on shear bond strength between resin cement and zirconia. Exp Ther Med

[Internet]. 2019 Mar 13 [cited 2022 Sep 20]; Available from: http://www.spandidospublications.com/10.3892/etm.2019.7382

Sanohkan S, Kukiattrakoon B, Larpboonphol N,

Sae-Yib T, Jampa T, Manoppan S. The effect of various primers on shear bond strength of zirconia

ceramic and resin composite. J Conserv Dent JCD.

;16(6):499–502.

Alsadon O, Patrick D, Johnson A, Pollington S,

Wood D. Fracture resistance of zirconia-composite

veneered crowns in comparison with zirconiaporcelain crowns. Dent Mater J. 2017 May 31;36

(3):289–95.

Varga S, Spalj S, Lapter Varga M, Anic Milosevic S, Mestrovic S, Slaj M. Maximum voluntary molar bite force in subjects with normal occlusion. Eur

J Orthod. 2011 Aug 1;33(4):427–33.

Downloads

Published

2023-12-22

How to Cite

1.
Yassin MT, Salih SA. Effect of Clinical Sandblasting on the Surface Roughness of Zirconia Cores for all Ceramic Crowns and their Fracture Resistance after the Addition of Repair. EDJ [Internet]. 2023 Dec. 22 [cited 2024 Jul. 25];6(2):193-202. Available from: https://edj.hmu.edu.krd/index.php/journal/article/view/238

Issue

Section

Original Articles