A Cross-Sectional Study to Evaluate the Prevalence and Severity of Gingivitis among High School Students in Erbil City-Iraq.

Authors

  • Dildar Abdullah Othman Department of Periodontology, College of Dentistry, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq.
  • Rawand Mohammed Muhi Undergraduate Student at the College of Dentistry, Hawler Medical University.
  • Nadeen Nazar Nafie Undergraduate Student at the College of Dentistry, Hawler Medical University.
  • Manar Nadhum Farman Department of Periodontology, College of Dentistry, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15218/edj.2024.37

Keywords:

Gingival index, pubertal gingivitis, tooth brushing frequency, oral hygiene practice

Abstract

Background and objective: There is an increase in the gingival inflammation without an associated increase in plaque level during puberty. This study aimed to find out the extensiveness and severity of gingivitis among high school students and its relation with the socioeconomic status in different areas of Erbil city.

Materials and methods: Cross-sectional study was conducted. A total of 300 students from both genders aged between (12-17) years old were selected from different areas of Erbil city consisting of 7 high schools. The data were collected with the aid of a questionnaire by direct interview. The gingival health condition was assessed using gingival index by Löe and Silness.

Results: The number of participants in public schools was (66%) of the total and private schools (34%). Regarding tooth brushing, most of the students in public schools brushed once daily (44%), while in private schools they mostly brushed twice daily (41.7%). The moderate severity of gingivitis was the highest among students in general (85.3%). The percentage of dental visits in private schools was higher than that of students in public schools (28.78%). Gingival index for public schools was (1.62) and in private schools (1.43). In general, males show a higher Gingival Index compared to females.

Conclusion: The high prevalence of gingivitis shows us there’s a need for educational programs to improve the awareness and attitude towards better oral hygiene practices and the students belonging to lower socioeconomic were more affected by gingivitis. In conclusion, gingival disease was slightly more prevalent in public schools than in private schools.

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Published

2024-03-28

How to Cite

1.
Othman DA, Muhi RM, Nafie NN, Farman MN. A Cross-Sectional Study to Evaluate the Prevalence and Severity of Gingivitis among High School Students in Erbil City-Iraq. EDJ [Internet]. 2024 Mar. 28 [cited 2024 Jul. 25];6(3):254-9. Available from: https://edj.hmu.edu.krd/index.php/journal/article/view/252

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Original Articles