Impact of diabetes mellitus on dental implants: A cross sectional controlled clinical study.

Authors

  • Rezhna Muhammed Hamad-Ameen Directorate of health-Erbil / Oral and maxillofacial surgery department- Rizgary teaching hospital- Erbil, Iraq.
  • Othman Abu-Bakr Omer Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15218/edj.2023.22

Keywords:

Bacteriology, Diabetes mellitus, Interleukin 6, Osseointegration, Periimplantitis

Abstract

Background and objective: After osseointegration the long-term success of dental implants is
determined by the maintenance of the peri-implant soft tissue and bone level. This study
evaluates the impact of Diabetes mellitus on dental implants in diabetic patients and compare it with that of nondiabetic patients.
Patients and methods: Thirty diabetic patients and thirty controlled subjects rehabilitated
with dental implants were included in this study. The duration of implant treatment is (1-7)
years, and dental implant status between both groups was compared using Immunohistochemistry for analyzing Interleukin 6 in peri-implant crevicular fluid, bacteriology, radiology,
and clinically by measuring gingival sulcus depth, bleeding on probing, gingival recession,
presence of suppuration and mobility. The statistical package for the social sciences program
(SPSS, version 28) was used for data analysis.
Results: Diabetic patients show a Statistically significant difference to non diabetic subjects in
the level of interleukin 6 with (P value 0.004), Culture and sensitivity with (P value 0.003), Peri
-implant bone loss in mesial and distal sides of the implant with P values 0.006 and 0.002
respectively, and also, in gingival recession with (P value 0.017). while the difference was not
significant in gingival sulcus depth P value0.220, bleeding on probing P value0.550, implant
suppuration P value 0.999, and mobility P value 0.999.

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Published

2023-12-22

How to Cite

1.
Hamad-Ameen RM, Omer OA-B. Impact of diabetes mellitus on dental implants: A cross sectional controlled clinical study. EDJ [Internet]. 2023 Dec. 22 [cited 2024 Mar. 5];6(2):203-14. Available from: https://edj.hmu.edu.krd/index.php/journal/article/view/239

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