Effect of Cross-Sectional Designs of Different Ni-Ti Files on Shaping Ability After Repeated Usage in Simulated Root Canals.


  • Fikrat Shawqi Qaddori Directorate of Health, Erbil, Iraq.
  • Raid Fahim Salman Department of Conservative Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq.




Cross-sectional design, Shaping ability, Nickle Titanium rotary files, 2 Shape, K3-i File, E3 Azure, Neolix


Background and Objective: The study aimed was to compare the effect of cross-sectional designs of five rotary systems (One Curve, 2Shape, K3-i File, E3 Azure, Neolix), on the shaping ability of the files in simulated resin blocks under controlled conditions with five repeated use. The shaping ability of the files includes the following variables: (1) Longitudinal sectional area difference, (2) Canal wall surface area difference, (3) Canal volume difference, (4) SMI (structure material index) difference, (5) Cross-sectional area difference.

Methods: Five rotary file systems: (1) One Curve, (2) 2Shape, (3) K3-i File, (4) E3 Azure, (5) Neolix, were tested in simulated J-shaped root canal resin blocks with a 45˚ angle of curvature. 10 files from each system, each one of the 10 files were used to prepare 5 resin blocks, named R1-R2-R3-R4-R5. All the used files from the 5 systems had tip size 25 diameter, and taper (6%), and length (25 mm). The first 4 rotary systems were used with a fixed speed (350 rpm), and fixed torque (3 Ncm), except for the fifth system which was used with a speed of (500 rpm), and torque (4 Ncm). All the 250 resin blocks were prepared for Glide Path with manual reamers size 10, and 15, with a fixed working length 16 mm, then all the 250 samples were prepared with a Proglider rotary file from Dentsply (size 16 taper 3%), then finally were prepared with Edge Files (USA), with size 20 and taper 6%, reaching to the step of master preparation with the selected files of the 5 systems.

Results: In the first, second, third, and fourth variables a statistically non-significant difference (P > 0.05) was found between One curve and 2Shape, a statistically significant difference (P < 0.05) was found between One Curve, K3-i File, E3 Azure, and Neolix. About the fifth variable which is the Cross-sectional area difference: the study compared the difference between the cross-section area of the canal at the point D8, comparing the cross-section area before and after preparation using ANOVA test and Post hoc test, a statistically significant difference (P < 0.05) was found between the Neolix and (2shape, K3 i-File, and E3 Azure).

Conclusion: The cross-sectional design of the endodontic rotary instrument had an obvious effect on the shaping ability of the system.


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How to Cite

Qaddori FS, Salman RF. Effect of Cross-Sectional Designs of Different Ni-Ti Files on Shaping Ability After Repeated Usage in Simulated Root Canals. EDJ [Internet]. 2024 Jun. 6 [cited 2024 Jul. 20];7(1):1-9. Available from: https://edj.hmu.edu.krd/index.php/journal/article/view/265



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